A Guide to Selling Oil, Gas and Mineral Rights

You’ve decided it’s time to sell your mineral rights. So, what’s next? First, get organized! Gather up as much documentation as you can regarding your oil, gas and mineral rights. You can never arm yourself with too much information regarding your property.

Herco recommends the following documents will ensure a smoother, faster process to sell your mineral rights:

  • Mineral Deed or Royalty Assignment
    • Identifies you as the owner
  • Probate Document
    • Detailing oil, gas and mineral interest and you as the heir.
  • Oil and Gas Lease
    • If your property is currently leased, you’ll want to know the terms of that contract, including the royalty and year term of the lease. A potential buyer is going to ask.
  • Division Orders
    • You should receive this document from the oil company when a new well is drilled on your property. This is going to tell you the name of the well(s) on your property, the location and the amount of interest you own in that well.
  • Royalty Check Stubs.
    • A potential buyer is going to ask how much you are currently receiving on a monthly basis. This will be something a potential buyer with require before making an offer.

So now you have your ducks in a row, what’s next? There are not as many resources for selling mineral rights as there are for selling surface real estate. When you’re selling your house, you call up a real estate agent and get your property listed on the MLS and interested parties can come look at your home. It’s not so simple when it comes to selling your oil, gas and mineral rights. You have options, certainly but most are skewed in favor of the buyer.

The following scenarios occur far too often when people are trying to sell their oil, gas and mineral rights.

  1. You’ve received an unsolicited form letter offering to purchase your mineral rights. Typically, these types of letters are very vague and may offer high prices in order to entice you to sign. Occasionally, they come with sight drafts that look like checks. Do not sign these letters or cash those drafts! If you do, you’ll likely become contractually obligated in a deal that won’t give you fair market value for your minerals.
  2. You have decided to list your mineral right with an online oil and gas auction site. This does offer you great exposure to the market, however, you are awash in a sea of other sellers. You will likely pay a fee regardless of whether you sell or not. There is no guarantee that your mineral rights will be seen by top buyers.
  3. You’ve engaged with a “brokerage firm” that has offered to appraise your minerals and buy them from you. Seems a bit of a conflict, right? Telling you what they are worth and then buying them for the price they quoted. Those types of brokerage firms are rarely the end buyer, so they are giving you a low purchase price and reselling your minerals for a profit.

In order to get the most out of your mineral rights, contact a mineral rights broker that is working for you in every aspect. They are not the end buyer, and they are incentivized to get you the best price for your interest. This type of broker is going to use their expertise to make sure you and your oil, gas and mineral rights are protected throughout the sale process. Showcasing it to top buyers that are specifically buying in the area you own and getting competitive bidding from multiple buyers.

You don’t need to go at this process alone. When you sell your house, you want someone that knows the market, understands what buyers are looking for and can get you the best possible price. Why should your mineral rights be any different? Please feel free to reach out to us at Herco to discuss your options.

How much are my minerals worth?

A holistic approach, you hear that phrase a lot these days. Considering all approaches, making sure the solution is multifaceted. It can even be applied to mineral rights and Herco LLC uses this philosophy when it comes to executing your oil, gas and mineral appraisals. When our client’s ask “how much are my minerals worth?” they can feel confident that their asset has been looked at from every angle.

Finding a value for your oil, gas and mineral rights can be a complex task. Over the last 40 years, Herco LLC has honed our appraisal skills to know exactly what to look for when it comes to determining value. As each mineral property is unique, the criteria for valuation can change. It takes years of industry experience to know just what to look for. For example, you may have what we would call non-producing mineral rights, this means that currently there is no active production (no oil or gas being pumped from the ground) on those mineral rights. One might think – “then these minerals are valueless” – not so. There are multiple things to consider when evaluating these types of interests. In some cases non-producing mineral rights can be more valuable than a producing property and here is why: non-producing mineral rights have potential, though with a level of uncertainly – that potential has value. So when Herco LLC takes on a non-producing mineral appraisal we look at a myriad of aspects including but not limited to:

• The going rate for oil and gas lease bonus payments for State, the Bureau of Land Management and fee minerals in the area.
• The potential for mineral rights to be leased so a mineral buyer can recover a portion of the acquisition costs.
• If the minerals are currently leased, when will the present lease expire? what royalty rate does the present lease provide for? does the lease have a “pugh clause” or a “shut-in provision”?
• Current producing wells that are in close proximity to the mineral rights.
• Environmental and cultural concerns that may impact the future development of the mineral rights.
• Potential producing horizons that fall within the mineral rights boundaries.
• The ability of the leasehold owner to market the oil and gas should a discovery be drilled
• State oil and gas production tax rates.
• Public and private sector sentiment towards the development of the mineral rights.
• If landowner’s royalty rights have been sold, segregated or assigned by a previous owner then the value of said mineral rights are decreased.

All these things must be taking into consideration when coming up with a value for your oil, gas and mineral rights.
Likewise, a producing mineral appraisal has multiple questions to consider. How many wells are on the property? What is the typical lifespan of a well in this area? What is the average production per year for these wells? Are there any permit for new wells on or near your mineral rights? Knowing what questions to ask and how to put those answers together is what makes Herco LLC a leader in this industry.

As a consumer, make sure to ask your mineral appraisal company “how do you determine the value of my mineral rights?” It should never be solely based on the value of the current oil and gas production, because that can severely undercut the value of your property. You want a company like Herco LLC that takes that multifaceted approach for one important reason, accuracy. Whether you need that step up in basis, estate tax thresholds or looking to sell, you can feel confident that our value is backed with formulations that are industry tested. Herco LLC stands behinds its work and is ready to prove our methodologies whenever necessary.

That’s why we use a holistic approach when coming up with a value for your oil, gas and mineral rights. Using Herco LLC, you’re going to get that level of service every time.